Электронный научный журнал
Международный студенческий научный вестник
ISSN 2409-529X

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The modification of the world is carried out by dint of both natural and human interferences. Consequently, it leads to a co-called ‘geodesign’. As a matter of fact, all technical reorganizations and engineering transformation create a feeling of efficiency, comfort, necessity. Besides, most constructions embellish the landscape or match the environment. So, in our case we can mention about the functional role of bridge design and engineering [1]. On the one hand, we consider that any bridge is an assembly of essential parts, materials and details, on the other hand, it’s a practical designer’s monument for a safe and rapid transportation, a moderate time-consumption and a long distance-compensator. There are many various designs that serve essential purposes as military and commercial ones and apply to versatile situations. The bridge design varies depending on the function of the bridge itself, the nature of the terrain where the bridge is constructed and the material used to make it, and the funds available to build it. If we scrutinize the history age of bridge engineering that the greatest bridge builders were the ancient Romans. They were the first who built arch bridges and aqueducts of cement, wood and stone. Then, brick and mortar bridges appeared. During the 18th century there were many innovations both in design and engineering aspect due to Hans Ulrich, Johannes Grubenmann, Hubert Gautier, Stefan Bryla, etc. Nowadays, we can see around us a wide range of modernized bridge constructions namely, beam bridges, truss bridge, cantilever bridge, arch bridge, tied arch bridge, suspension bridge, cable-stayed bridge. As a result, they accommodate the whole society’s necessities from time and distance [2].